It’s normal to feel some discomfort or cramping during your period, but if your period pain is extreme and much worse than usual, you may be experiencing endometriosis. Women’s health specialist Dr. Meena Jain, at her practice in St. Petersburg, Florida, provides advanced treatment options to women with this painful condition. To schedule an appointment for an examination and treatment options, call the office or use the online booking agent.
Endometriosis is a disorder in which your endometrium, the tissue that lines your uterus, grows in other parts of your pelvic region, such as the tissue that lines your pelvis, ovaries, or Fallopian tubes.
During your cycle, the endometrial tissue thickens, breaks down, and bleeds. When it has grown in other areas of your pelvis, the blood has nowhere to go, causing extreme pain. The excess tissue may also lead to cysts and scarring that may affect fertility.
Doctors aren’t certain of the exact cause of endometriosis, but there are risk factors, including:
In addition to pelvic pain, common symptoms of endometriosis include:
Some women with endometriosis also experience an increase in fatigue, along with bloating, diarrhea, constipation, or nausea.
In addition to your history of symptoms and a pelvic exam, Dr. Jain may need to conduct testing to diagnose your endometriosis, such as:
The ultrasound is a noninvasive test that uses sound waves to generate an image of your uterus that may help Dr. Jain see the endometrial tissue. The laparoscopy is a surgical procedure in which she uses a laparoscope to view your reproductive organs through a small incision in your abdomen.
Dr. Jain treats endometriosis with medication or surgery. She discusses all your options, and together you decide how best to manage the disorder and your symptoms.
Medication options include:
Surgical procedures vary and depend on your pregnancy plans. Dr. Jain may be able to take a conservative approach and remove as much of the endometrial tissue as possible through laparoscopic surgery without affecting your reproductive organs.
In severe cases of endometriosis, Dr. Jain may need to perform a total hysterectomy, which is the removal of your uterus, ovaries, and Fallopian tubes.
If you have concerns about your period and endometriosis, call the office or book an appointment online.
*Individual results may vary